Kidney Disease Education
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Stages of Kidney Disease
With chronic kidney disease (CKD) the kidneys usually don’t fail all at once. Instead, kidney disease often progresses slowly over a period of years. This is good news because if CKD is caught early, medicines and lifestyle changes may help slow its progress and keep you feeling your best for as long as possible.
Kidney disease is divided into five stages, each of which calls for different tests and treatments.
What are the 5 stages of kidney disease?
GFR, which stands for glomerular filtration rate, estimates kidney function. If your GFR is 26, that means your kidneys are working at approximately 26 percent of the normal rate.
STAGE 1 (At Risk), GFR > 90
STAGE 2, GFR 89-60
Kidney damage with mild loss of kidney function
Few to no symptoms
Manage through healthy diet and blood pressure regulation
STAGE 3A, GFR 59-45
STAGE 3B, GFR 44-30
Could have fatigue, urination change, sleep problems and kidney pain
Speak to your doctor about a kidney-friendly diet, managing high blood
pressure and prescription medications that may help
STAGE 4, GFR 29-15
May develop high blood pressure, anaemia, bone disease or cardiovascular diseases
Symptoms include fatigue, nausea, taste changes, nerve issues, difficulty sleeping, and poor appetite and energy
See a kidney doctor to manage your disease and ask about kidney transplant
A dietitian can help manage your diet
END STAGE RENAL DISEASE (ESRD)
STAGE 5, GFR < 15
Symptoms include loss of appetite, nausea, itching, swelling and making
little to no urine
Treatment options include dialysis or kidney transplant